Title

26. GERANYLGERANYL TRANSFERASE AND PAX1-LIKE INTERACTING PROTEIN IN THE SOCIAL, PARASITIC INSECT COPIDOSOMA FLORIDANUM (HYMENOPTERA)

Faculty Mentor(s)

Dr. Margaret Smith; Dr. Erin Barding

Campus

Dahlonega

Proposal Type

Poster

Subject Area

Biology

Start Date

25-3-2016 11:30 AM

End Date

25-3-2016 12:30 PM

Description/Abstract

Cell division and differentiation are fundamental processes in the development of multicellular life. Unusual use of these processes during development of a wasp, Copidosoma floridanum, provides an excellent system in which to study these activities. C. floridanum exhibits extreme polyembryony, meaning that from a single egg thousands of genetically identical offspring develop. Polyembryony is a result of a novel phase of development called the proliferation phase. During proliferation, cell differentiation is put on hold in favor of a prolonged period of undifferentiated cell division, not seen in most organisms. Following proliferation, the genetically identical siblings then differentiate into a sterile, soldier caste or a reproductive caste, like ants and honeybees. Previous research suggests that both proliferation and caste differentiation are regulated by molecular signals from the germline because elimination of the germline restricts cell division and eliminates formation of reproductive caste individuals. The specific genes involved in regulating these processes, however, are still relatively unknown. The purpose of this project is to begin to understand what genes are involved in the molecular regulation of cell division and differentiation in C. floridanum. Prior work suggests that two of the genes that might be involved are geranylgeranyl transferase (ggt) and a pax1-like interacting gene (pax1-like). We have subcloned both of these genes from C. floridanum, using standard molecular biology techniques, and plan to track their expression and function in C. floridanum embryos.

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Mar 25th, 11:30 AM Mar 25th, 12:30 PM

26. GERANYLGERANYL TRANSFERASE AND PAX1-LIKE INTERACTING PROTEIN IN THE SOCIAL, PARASITIC INSECT COPIDOSOMA FLORIDANUM (HYMENOPTERA)

Cell division and differentiation are fundamental processes in the development of multicellular life. Unusual use of these processes during development of a wasp, Copidosoma floridanum, provides an excellent system in which to study these activities. C. floridanum exhibits extreme polyembryony, meaning that from a single egg thousands of genetically identical offspring develop. Polyembryony is a result of a novel phase of development called the proliferation phase. During proliferation, cell differentiation is put on hold in favor of a prolonged period of undifferentiated cell division, not seen in most organisms. Following proliferation, the genetically identical siblings then differentiate into a sterile, soldier caste or a reproductive caste, like ants and honeybees. Previous research suggests that both proliferation and caste differentiation are regulated by molecular signals from the germline because elimination of the germline restricts cell division and eliminates formation of reproductive caste individuals. The specific genes involved in regulating these processes, however, are still relatively unknown. The purpose of this project is to begin to understand what genes are involved in the molecular regulation of cell division and differentiation in C. floridanum. Prior work suggests that two of the genes that might be involved are geranylgeranyl transferase (ggt) and a pax1-like interacting gene (pax1-like). We have subcloned both of these genes from C. floridanum, using standard molecular biology techniques, and plan to track their expression and function in C. floridanum embryos.