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Graduation Date

12-2016

Abstract

Abstract

Purpose: This study explored the perspectives of nursing students and faculty on health disparities of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) health issues in an undergraduate BSN program.

Methods: Study participants included a convenience sample of 167 nursing students and 16 faculty members (total 183) from a rural southeast regional university in the United States.

Results: Of the respondents; 71% indicated that they had not received classroom or clinical instruction specific to the LGBT community compared to 29% who had received or provided instruction in LGBT health issues. Among students, the majority indicated they seldom received instruction on health concerns such as depression, suicide, and mental health issues that often affect the LGBT community. A chi-square test of independence found a significant interaction (X2(1) =19.739, p=.000) that indicated participants that perceived they were equipped with resources on LGBT health issues were also interested in gaining additional knowledge to provide culturally competent care.

Conclusions: To continue to build on the progress made, healthcare providers need to examine their own personal biases toward the LGBT community. The need to include LGBT topics in nursing curricula to prepare a culturally competent workforce is essential to meet the health needs of all populations. Nurses are in a unique position to lead the way in creating change and directing the course of action to improve the quality of life and health outcomes for all, including the LGBT individuals.

Key words: Health disparities, LGBT community, nursing students, nursing faculty


Student Author Biography

Keily Mitchell, LaKenya Lee, Ayana Green, and Jasmine Sykes are Georgia Southern University nursing students who investigated this topic as a component of their research course. The authors are on track to graduate in the fall of 2016 with a Bachelor’s of Science in Nursing. The authors are residents of Georgia and passionate about patient centered care; especially pertaining to patients in rural areas and those who fall into health disparity populations. After graduating the authors plans include further involvement in the future of nursing practice. A poster presentation of this research was presented at the 2016 National Conference on Health Disparities and the 2015 Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference.

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