Faculty Mentor

Sharon C. Francis, PhD

Proposal Type

Poster

Start Date

2-11-2019 10:20 AM

End Date

2-11-2019 11:30 AM

Location

Cleveland Ballroom

Abstract

Obesity is linked to vascular diseases such as atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease which is a major underlying cause of heart attacks. While the mechanism is not fully known, altering mitochondrial respiration which occurs through oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) may influence the development of vascular disease during obesity. Our previous data with diet-induced obese (DIO) mice demonstrated that serum and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 1 (SGK1), which regulates cell metabolism, was up-regulated in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) from the aorta. Knocking out SGK1 in VSMCs (KOSGK1) was associated with higher OXPHOS and lower vascular disease relative to wildtype VSMCs (WTSGK1) during DIO. The mitochondrial calcium uniporter (MCU) permits calcium uptake into the mitochondrial matrix causing stimulation of OXPHOS thereby contributing to the maintenance of cellular energy homeostasis. We hypothesized that OXPHOS stimulation in KOSGK1 VSMC may be due to enhanced activity of the MCU. To test this hypothesis, an extracellular oxygen consumption (EOC) assay which measures OXPHOS was used to examine the role of MCU-mediated mitochondrial Ca2+ uptake on basal and maximal OXPHOS activity in WTSGK1 and KOSGK1 VSMCs. Thus, WTSGK1 and KOSGK1 VSMCs from DIO mice were treated ± Ru360 (10mM), an MCU inhibitor and ± FCCP (2.5mM) to stimulate maximal OXPHOS. Consistent with previous data, KOSGK1 VSMCs had significantly higher basal and maximal EOC compared to WTSGK1 VSMCs. Remarkably, RU360 significantly decreased both basal and maximal EOC in KOSGK1 VCMCs. Conversely, there was no effect of RU360 on EOC in WTSGK1 VSMCs. These results suggest a disparity in MCU activity in KOSGK1 VSMCs. In conclusion, these findings implicate mitochondrial Ca2+ uptake in the stimulation of OXPHOS in KOSGK1 VSMCs.

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Nov 2nd, 10:20 AM Nov 2nd, 11:30 AM

#3 - Inhibition of the Mitochondrial Calcium Uniporter Reduces Oxidative Phosphorylation in SGK1-Knockout VSMC Upon DietInduced Obesity

Cleveland Ballroom

Obesity is linked to vascular diseases such as atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease which is a major underlying cause of heart attacks. While the mechanism is not fully known, altering mitochondrial respiration which occurs through oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) may influence the development of vascular disease during obesity. Our previous data with diet-induced obese (DIO) mice demonstrated that serum and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 1 (SGK1), which regulates cell metabolism, was up-regulated in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) from the aorta. Knocking out SGK1 in VSMCs (KOSGK1) was associated with higher OXPHOS and lower vascular disease relative to wildtype VSMCs (WTSGK1) during DIO. The mitochondrial calcium uniporter (MCU) permits calcium uptake into the mitochondrial matrix causing stimulation of OXPHOS thereby contributing to the maintenance of cellular energy homeostasis. We hypothesized that OXPHOS stimulation in KOSGK1 VSMC may be due to enhanced activity of the MCU. To test this hypothesis, an extracellular oxygen consumption (EOC) assay which measures OXPHOS was used to examine the role of MCU-mediated mitochondrial Ca2+ uptake on basal and maximal OXPHOS activity in WTSGK1 and KOSGK1 VSMCs. Thus, WTSGK1 and KOSGK1 VSMCs from DIO mice were treated ± Ru360 (10mM), an MCU inhibitor and ± FCCP (2.5mM) to stimulate maximal OXPHOS. Consistent with previous data, KOSGK1 VSMCs had significantly higher basal and maximal EOC compared to WTSGK1 VSMCs. Remarkably, RU360 significantly decreased both basal and maximal EOC in KOSGK1 VCMCs. Conversely, there was no effect of RU360 on EOC in WTSGK1 VSMCs. These results suggest a disparity in MCU activity in KOSGK1 VSMCs. In conclusion, these findings implicate mitochondrial Ca2+ uptake in the stimulation of OXPHOS in KOSGK1 VSMCs.