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Abstract

Although nuclear disarmament is a worldwide aspiration from many nations around the world, this dream has not come true. In fact, the number of countries developing nuclear weapons is gradually increasing. Despite the legal framework in place, no single nuclear-weapon state has totally complied with nuclear disarmament. However, each state’s decision to acquire its own nuclear weapon is based on the fact that the international system is anarchical. Likewise, history has highlighted that nations cannot totally trust one another. Additionally, ever-increasing technology, low social capital among states, partial compliance with the legal framework, and miscalculated state narratives contribute to increasing rivalry among countries. Finally, despite criticism, nuclear weapons have the ability to protect what states consider important. As a result, nuclear disarmament is a utopia.

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