This article is devoted to analysis of the central figure of Russian history: the politarian state, which is a true “Leviathan” for Russian society and for the individual. From the author’s point of view the following pattern of Russian history can be shown: In the face of severe nature, natural and social disasters, external pressure, military and economic failures, blunders by the heads of state, Russian society, being a complex self-organizing system, chooses each time a politarian system as the only form of life suitable for survival under extreme conditions. The Russian elite also prefer politarism as the simplest and most effective way to manage and draw surplus goods from the people. Therefore, through every external or internal crisis a politarian system for Russia is sooner or later created anew and the state again takes all spheres of the life of society into its hands, imposing and dictating its will. This process is occurring now, marking the emergence of the Russian “Leviathan” in its next incarnation.
Grinëv, Andrei V.
"Transformation of the Russian “Leviathan” over the Centuries,"
International Social Science Review: Vol. 93
, Article 2.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.northgeorgia.edu/issr/vol93/iss2/2