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Lawrence S. Kaplan is the former emeritus director of the Lyman L. Lemnitzer Center for NATO and European Studies at Kent State University and a former Professorial Lecturer in History at Georgetown University. He is the author or editor of more than two dozen books. Seventy years ago, while still a fellow in History at Yale University, Dr. Kaplan published an article in Pi Gamma Mu's Social Science, which later became the International Social Science Review. This is a revised version of that paper, offering the wisdom of hindsight to the original work, which is still available at www.jstor.org/stable/i40088461 .