Criminal Justice

The Effects of Legislation Supporting Firearm Availability on Public Safety: An Evidence-Based Investigation

Elena Leyssens, University of North Georgia

Description/Abstract

The Effects of Legislation Supporting Firearm Availability on Public Safety: An Evidence-Based Investigation

by Elena Leyssens

Abstract

Gun regulation dominates political discourse in America, with a body of research investigating right-to-carry laws, to include concealed-carry permitting, domestic violence-related restrictions, and background checks. The effects of those restrictions are evidenced by examining workplace homicides, police-involved shootings, and worker safety. Firearm restriction, or conversely, firearm availability, has been investigated on a national level, and on a state-specific level. Findings show that right-to-carry laws (increasing gun availability) are associated with a threat to worker safety, and increases in the incidents of violence. Police-involved shootings (police as shooters, and police as victims), are impacted by differing levels of household gun ownership. Researchers concluded that higher gun ownership is correlated with the more killing of police by civilians, and similarly, fatal shooting of civilians by police is evidenced where there are high levels of gun ownership. However, there is a body of literature that supports the notion that strengthening firearm legislation, that is controlling and restricting availability, is associated with a reduction in homicide rates. The purpose of this study is to examine the evidence, and determine if public safety is enhanced or threatened by gun availability.

 
Apr 17th, 1:00 PM Apr 17th, 2:00 PM

The Effects of Legislation Supporting Firearm Availability on Public Safety: An Evidence-Based Investigation

VMR 3 Enter Guest PIN 2003

The Effects of Legislation Supporting Firearm Availability on Public Safety: An Evidence-Based Investigation

by Elena Leyssens

Abstract

Gun regulation dominates political discourse in America, with a body of research investigating right-to-carry laws, to include concealed-carry permitting, domestic violence-related restrictions, and background checks. The effects of those restrictions are evidenced by examining workplace homicides, police-involved shootings, and worker safety. Firearm restriction, or conversely, firearm availability, has been investigated on a national level, and on a state-specific level. Findings show that right-to-carry laws (increasing gun availability) are associated with a threat to worker safety, and increases in the incidents of violence. Police-involved shootings (police as shooters, and police as victims), are impacted by differing levels of household gun ownership. Researchers concluded that higher gun ownership is correlated with the more killing of police by civilians, and similarly, fatal shooting of civilians by police is evidenced where there are high levels of gun ownership. However, there is a body of literature that supports the notion that strengthening firearm legislation, that is controlling and restricting availability, is associated with a reduction in homicide rates. The purpose of this study is to examine the evidence, and determine if public safety is enhanced or threatened by gun availability.