Title

1J: A Novel Flow-Based Synthetic Technique for the Production of Polyglycolic Acid (PGA)

Faculty Mentor(s)

L. Zane Miller and N. Eric Huddleston

Campus

Dahlonega

Proposal Type

Oral Presentation

Subject Area

Chemistry

Location

Panel 1: J (Register Here)

Start Date

26-3-2021 1:00 PM

End Date

26-3-2021 1:50 PM

Description/Abstract

Polymers are ubiquitous in modern society with a majority of them being used in the commodity plastic industries. Many of these plastics are petroleum-based materials that do not degrade and contribute the global problem of increasing pollution and waste. Polyglycolic acid (PGA) is a well-known biodegradable polymer used in various medical applications such as sutures and medical device coatings. The typical synthesis of high molecular weight PGA involves ring opening polymerization batch reactions using a tin catalyst. This synthesis typically requires hours and necessitates lengthy workup procedures to obtain PGA. Herein, we describe a droplet-based flow chemistry approach consisting of emulsion generation followed by ring-opening polymerization at elevated temperatures. Our methodology relies on the use of two immiscible liquids to form droplets of monomer and catalyst solution which are then driven into the heated segment of the flow reactor. This method leads to solid polymer product with short residence time in the reactor (minutes). Isolated products were characterized by FTIR, TGA-DSC, 1H NMR, and MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry.

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Mar 26th, 1:00 PM Mar 26th, 1:50 PM

1J: A Novel Flow-Based Synthetic Technique for the Production of Polyglycolic Acid (PGA)

Panel 1: J (Register Here)

Polymers are ubiquitous in modern society with a majority of them being used in the commodity plastic industries. Many of these plastics are petroleum-based materials that do not degrade and contribute the global problem of increasing pollution and waste. Polyglycolic acid (PGA) is a well-known biodegradable polymer used in various medical applications such as sutures and medical device coatings. The typical synthesis of high molecular weight PGA involves ring opening polymerization batch reactions using a tin catalyst. This synthesis typically requires hours and necessitates lengthy workup procedures to obtain PGA. Herein, we describe a droplet-based flow chemistry approach consisting of emulsion generation followed by ring-opening polymerization at elevated temperatures. Our methodology relies on the use of two immiscible liquids to form droplets of monomer and catalyst solution which are then driven into the heated segment of the flow reactor. This method leads to solid polymer product with short residence time in the reactor (minutes). Isolated products were characterized by FTIR, TGA-DSC, 1H NMR, and MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry.