The future of automotive engineering lies in intelligent vehicles. The combined effects of multiple intelligent sub-systems will provide drivers with essential feedback to increase driving safety and reduce fuel wasted in unnecessary acceleration and inefficient traffic routing. Discrete intelligent sub-systems have been increasingly incorporated into consumer vehicles for decades, and continue to evolve. The revolutionary next step in development is fully integrating intelligent capabilities into a total vehicle control system. This may be accomplished through a multilevel control architecture, starting with sensor fusion.
Fused sensors, such as LiDAR and RADAR, will provide their inputs to a single virtual model from which a control computer may plot an optimum trajectory. Fully informed of the environment immediately surrounding the vehicle, a trajectory following the road and traffic controls will be plotted. As the vehicle follows this path, its sensors continually update the virtual model and provide obstacle avoidance and updated guidance information.
Finally, a reverse kinematic approach, applied to a fully electric drivetrain, will enable the vehicle to respond to its driving environment, and compensate for unknown conditions. If an emergency maneuver becomes necessary, the optimal combination of brake and steering application will be computed to prevent loss of control.
Student Author Biography
Zachariah Coles graduated from Georgia Southern University May of 2016 with a Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Engineering. Zach is a veteran of the USAF. After serving for eight years, Zach worked as a Ski Lift Mechanic at The Canyons Resort in Park City Utah for three years. In the spring of 2012 before Zach began his college journey. Zach is currently beginning his career as a Project Engineer with Shaw Floors in Dalton, Georgia. Tom Beyerl is an active duty Major in the United States Army. He is pursuing a master's of science in applied engineering at Georgia Southern University. He served as the Assistant Product Manager for Maneuver Targeting Systems for Product Manager Soldier Precision Targeting Devices at Ft. Belvoir, VA. He previously commanded Bayonet Company, 1st Battalion 38th Infantry Regiment, at Joint Base Lewis-McChord, WA. MAJ Beyerl’s military education includes Airborne School, Air Assault School, Pathfinder School, Ranger, the Command and General Staff Officer's Course, the Strategic Studies Fellows Program, and the Maneuver Captain’s Career Course. He holds a master's degree in administration from Central Michigan University and a bachelor's degree in mechanical engineering from Norwich University. Imani Augusma is a very bright Electrical Engineer that graduated from Georgia Southern University in 2015. Dr. Soloiu is Professor at Georgia Southern University. He has 30 years of experience in Automotive Engineering teaching and research. During his career he produced 130 peer reviewed papers and studies, and 9 textbooks.
Coles, Zachariah A.; Beyerl, Thomas A.; Augusma, Imani; and Soloiu, Valentin
"From Sensor to Street – Intelligent Vehicle Control Systems,"
Papers & Publications: Interdisciplinary Journal of Undergraduate Research: Vol. 5
, Article 9.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.northgeorgia.edu/papersandpubs/vol5/iss1/9