Campus

Cumming

Publication date

2019

Publisher

International Journal of Social Sciences and Educational Studies

Abstract

This study investigated the effects of the instructional method Promoting Acceleration of Comprehension and Content through Text (PACT) on the social studies content acquisition, reading comprehension, and attitudes towards socials studies in fourth grade students. The use of PACT has been investigated heavily in middle-school and high school social studies classes, shown to consistently produce positive results in content acquisition and retention in these two age groups. PACT was administered to the treatment group. It was found to increase content acquisition in the treatment group by a statistically significant margin. No effect was found on student attitudes. Inconsistent results were found in reading comprehension. ANCOVA were used to analyze pre/post-test data on content test, reading comprehension articles from ReadWorks, and Attitudes Towards Social Studies survey. PACT seems to have had a positive impact on student content acquisition.

Keywords: PACT, Social Studies, Elementary Education, Primary Sources, Reading Comprehension

Author Biography

Caitlin Dalton is a public school teacher and graduate alumni of the University of North Georgia. Josh Cuevas is a professor and educational psychologist at the University of North Georgia.

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Improving Content Knowledge in Social Studies for Upper Elementary Students

This study investigated the effects of the instructional method Promoting Acceleration of Comprehension and Content through Text (PACT) on the social studies content acquisition, reading comprehension, and attitudes towards socials studies in fourth grade students. The use of PACT has been investigated heavily in middle-school and high school social studies classes, shown to consistently produce positive results in content acquisition and retention in these two age groups. PACT was administered to the treatment group. It was found to increase content acquisition in the treatment group by a statistically significant margin. No effect was found on student attitudes. Inconsistent results were found in reading comprehension. ANCOVA were used to analyze pre/post-test data on content test, reading comprehension articles from ReadWorks, and Attitudes Towards Social Studies survey. PACT seems to have had a positive impact on student content acquisition.

Keywords: PACT, Social Studies, Elementary Education, Primary Sources, Reading Comprehension